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Settlers The Intruders

1810 Elk River Intruders Petition

(Simms' Settlement)

Between the years 1809 and 1811 federal soldiers from Fort Hampton made numerous forays onto the Chickasaw reservation in order to remove illegal settlers (intruders) and destroy their improvements, including crops, homes, etc. (See The Intruders, Pre-1816 Settlers on Chickasaw Reservation Land). Although commonly referred to as the "Simms' Settlement Petition," numerous of the 450 men and women (Intruders) who signed the following document were residing elsewhere within the untreated Chickasaw lands, including Giles County, although Simms Settlement (on the Elk River in present-day Limestone County, Alabama, just south of Giles) does appear to have been where the settlers' returned to re-group following the 1809 Intruder Removals.

Many of these names and those on the 1809 Elk River Intruder List are also on the 1812 Giles county tax list, and a sampling has been indicated by the use of the symbol after the name.

Excerpted from The Territorial Papers of the United States, The Territory of Mississippi, 1809-1817, Volume VI, compiled and edited by Clarence Edwin Carter, published by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1928, pp. 106-113:

106 [--108]       Mississippi Territory

[WD:AGO, Old Recs., Div.:DS]

Mississippi Territory, Elk River, Sims'es Settlement

September 5th 1810--      

To his Excellency James Maddison President of the United States of
   america and the honourable Congress assembled:

   We your petitioners humbly sheweth that a great many of your fellow citizens have unfortunately settled on what is now called chickasaw land- which has led us into difficultys that tongue cannot express if the orders from the ware department are executed in removeing us off of said land. However in a government like ours founded on the will of the people we have reason to hope and expect that we shall be treated with as much lennity as the duty you owe to Justice will permit. We therefore wish, Without the shade or colour of falshood, to leve to your consideration the main object of our setling of this country In the first Place, we understood that all the land on the north side of tennessee river was purchased of the Indians which was certainly the Case, and further we understood that this was congress land as we call it and by paying of two Dollars per acre we should obtain An undoubted title to our lands and avoide the endless law suits that [107] arise in our neighboring states in the landed property under these and many other impressions of minde that appeared inviteing to us to setle here a great many of us solde our possessions and Came and settled here in the winter and spring of 1807 without any knoledg or intention of violating the laws of government or Infringing on the right of another nation and we remained in this peacefull situation untill the fall of 1807 when General Robertson Came on runing the chickasaw boundary line and he informed us that, though the cherokees had sold this land, yet the chickasaws held a clame to it as their right. And now as booth nations |had| set up a clame to this land and Government haveing extingushed the cherokee clame; and we who are well acquainted with the boundarys of this country do think in Justice that the cherokees had undoubtedly the best right to this land we could state our reasons for thinking so, in many cases, but we shall only refurr you to one particular, that is when Zacheriah Cocks (1) made a purchase of parte of this country and came in order to settle it he landed on an island in the Mussell Shoals, and was making preparations to ingarrison himself but when the cherokees Understood his intentions they got themselves together and sent in messingers to him telling him if he did not desist and remove his men out of their country they would certainly imbody themselves and cut him off. And Cocks took the alarme And left the Island in the night. And if the cherokees had not defended this country at that time it may be persumed that it would have been taken from the chickasaws without asking of them anything about their right to it. For the cherokees do say that they have held an antiant clame to it which they never lost by sword or treaty untill extinguished by government. And should this be the camse and appeare to your satisfaction that the cherokees had at least as good a right as the chickasaw and you haveing that right invested in you-and you are allso willing to pay the chickasaw for their clame and they refuse to sell it where then can there remain a single doubt In the publick Minde of doing the chickasaws any kind of unjuistice in makeing use of the cherokee clame and saying: if they will not take a reasonable price for their clame we will not remove our fellow citizens off which will bring many women and children to a state of starvation mearly to gratify a heathan nation Who have no better right to this land than we have ourselves And they have by estemation nearly 100000 acres of land to each man Of their nation and of no more use to government or society than to saunter about upon like so many wolves or bares whilst they who would be a supporte to government and Improve the country must be forsed even to rent poore stony ridges to make a support to rase their famelies on whist there is fine fertile countrys lying uncultivated and we must be debared even from inJoying a small Corner of this land but we look to you the [108] boddy of government as a friendly father to us and believe it Compleatley within your power Whilst you are administering Justice between us and the chickasaws to say with the greatest propriety that we have once purchased this land and we will not remove our fellow citizens off but let them remain as tennants at will untill the chickasaws may feell a disposition to sell us their clame therefore we your humble petitioners wish you to take our standing duely into consideration and not say they are a set of dishoneste people who have fled from the lawes of their country and it is no matter what is done With them.for we can support our carractors to be other ways and it is our wish and desire to protect and supporte our own native Government we must informe you that in the settling of this country men was obliged to expose themselves very much and the Climate not helthy a number of respectable men have deceased and left their widows with families Of alphan [orphan] children to rase in the best way they can And you might allmost as well send the sword amongst us as the fammin the time being short that our orders permits us to stay on we wish you to send us an answer to our petition as soon as posable and, for heavens Sake Pause to think what is to become of these poore alphan families who have more need of the help of some friendly parish than to have the strictest orders executed on them who has not a friend in this unfeeling world that is able to asist them Either in geting off of said land or supporting when they are off we are certain in our own minds that if you could have A true representation of our carractor the industry we have made. and the purity of our intentions in settling here together with the justice of our cause you would say in the name of God let them stay on and eat their well earned bread. Perhaps our number may be fare more than you are apprised of from the best calculation that we can make there is Exclusive of Doubleheads reserv (2) 2250 souls on what is called chickasaw land and all of us could live tollerabie comfortable if we Could remain on our improvements but the distance is so great if we are removed off that we cannot take our produce with Us and a great many not in a circumstance to purchase more will in consequence of this be brought to a deplorable situation We shall therefore conclude in hopes that on a due consideration we shall find favour in the sight of your most honourable Body which will in duty binde your petitioners to ever Pray &c.
Wm. Sims†  (3)
James Sims
Michael Odaniell
Thomas Skagg†
Wiliam Payne†
Berry Matlock
George Brown†
James Reynolds
Larkin Webb†

Isaac Crowson†
Benjimen osbourn†
Robert Cravens †
Andrew Arnett
Jonathan Cochron
Hoseph Bradley
James Wooley
Henry Lysby
Isaac Gibson †

Mississippi Territory       109

Samuel Easely
David Simon
John Hoddge
John Coward
Charles Skaggs Sen †
Charles Skaggs Jur
Charles Williams
William Adams †
Wm Bowling Sen
Wm Bowling Jr
Wm Cooper †
Wm Conway
Charles Easely
John Scaggs †
John Eppler †
Jonathan Eppler †
James Neill
Isham Brown
James Brown †
Abraham Brown†
Edward Davis †
Rawleigh Dodson†
Aaron Luisley
Simon Foy††
Benj. Murrell
Calvin Wittey
Caleb Juett
Isaac Murrell
George Arbuthnot
Francis Daugherty†
Bejman Carrel
Asa Magge
Sammell Preed Jun
Sammul Preed
James Preed
Christopher Baylor
Marckel Stockdon
Thomas Redus
Abraham Sims
Richard Murrell
John Daugherty†
James Hodge
James Hood
William Mayer
William Hodge
William Hoodser
Edmond Fears
William Hood Jr
Ely Robertson
Samuel Robertson
Michel Robertson
John Allon †
James Ball
[MS illegible]
John McCutchen
David McCutchen
John Calwell
John Bidell
John Rosson †
Simon Rosson
Richard Linville†
Wm. Nelson †
John Nelson †
James Ford†
James Caldwell
Wm. Kile†
Samuel Bradley †
William Adams
Roland McKenny †
James McKenny †
John McKenny
Ruben McKenny
Robert McKenny
William McKenny†
John Lynn
Elijah Price
John Hogges
John Sessoms
Amos Moor
William Ellis †
John Thomas
Joshua Perkins
Issac Fraey
Lovill Coffman †
Cornelius Gatliff
James Redey
John Panton
Jesse Panton
William Hooker
Thomas Pool†
Philmer Green Senr
Jere. McKellins
Reuben Riggs
William Candon
James Riggs
Robert Tayler †
Enoch Tayler
John Tayler
Jas Wilder
Fracis Ascaugh
Joab Arbagh
Jas. Wherrey
John Bell
Benjamin Russell

        110         Mississippi Territory

Edward Frost
Jas. Anderson
Joseph Evans
Henry Evans
John Scallern
Jacob Scallern
John Wainwright
John Myers
James Green
John Mowery
Alexander Dutton
George Fergel
John Sauls
Reel Matcok
John Bartell
John Kim
Andr Jackson
Henry Miller
Abraham Miller
Robert Foury
Joseph Calvert
James Mossy
James McMahhan
Jessy Cooper
David Miller
Levi Cummins
Mark Mitchell
Allen Cotton
John Cotton
William Cox
Thomas Hardy
George Loften
John Tayler†
John Reed
Elkin Tayler
Lennard Lofton
Joseph Foster
Abraham Kirkelot
John Kirkendall
Jos. Jones
Levi Cooper
John Cooper
John Paine †
Fuller Cox
Sami Cox
Joseph Looker
William Riggs
Bridges Freeman
Charles Hulsey
Beverly Philips
Shaderick Cross †
Benjamin Ishmal
Benjn. Cross
Henry Cross †
Jonathan Adams
Thos. Adams
Robt. Wallis
James Isaac
Hardin Hulsey
William Hill
Jas Miller
John Hamlin
Samuel Smith
Ellexander Smith
Felps Smith
Wm. Smith
Bryan Smith
Jonathon Greenhow
Wm. Greenhow
Greenbery Greenhow
John Croslin
Benjamin French
Henry Croslin
Jessey Richardson
Joseph England
David Dudden
John Crage
Michal Trimble
Elisha Rainbolt
Jas Craig
John Mitchell Snr
Elisha Garritt
John Mitchell Jnr
George Mitchell
Wm. Smith
Jno. Sanders
Reuben Sanders
Joseph Carnes
Wm Carnes
Redden Crisp
Wm. Black
Levi Black
Jos. Keen
John Allman
Walter Tremble
Elye Hornback
Wm. McGowen
Robt. Hodges Jnr.
Robert Stenson
John Smith
John Runnels
Francis Bird
Thos. Henderson
Shadrach Morres†
Lewis Tacket

Mississippi Territory         111

William Kellett
Joseph Kellett
James Kellett †
James Humphrs [Humphreys?]
William Humphrs
Charles Smith
William Stephens
Samuel Nelson
George Honbre
Joel James
Henry McGuin
Wm Mullin
Thomas Mullin
John Toliver
Matt Smith
James Mullens
Jaret Brandon
James Smith
John Miller
Elijah Major
James Major
John Trimble
Joshua Brunson
David Parker
John Ray
John Carnham
Jacob Pyeatt
James Pyeatt
Aron Gibson
Cabot Turner
Isack Shipman
John Hakins
George S. Wilson
Josha Bruntson
James Slaughter
Jesop Luster
John Luster
James Luster
Robert McGowen
DanI McIntyre
Alexr Masky (or Marky)
John Chambers
Thos Price
Joel Philips
Wm. Stinson
George Hauge
Ezek. Smith
Wm Smith
Andrew Smith
Jame McConel (or McCarrel)
Sami McConell
Jams M. McConell
William Chambers
Jno. Webb
George Bankhead
Jno Bankhead
Michael Shaly
George Shaly
Fredrich Shaly
Moses Crosen † [Crowson?]
Moses Chot
John Vans
Duncan McAntire
William Voss
Alex Miller
William Cochran †
John Welch
William Welch Senr
Beverly Luster
David Luster
Jas Bevers
Jonathan Burleson
John Burleson
Mathew Brunston
William Slaughter
Jonathan Blair
John Billinsly
Johnathan Greenhow
Clouds Greenhow
Alexander Moor
Robert Moor
John Umphres [Humphreys?]
Archable Tremble
James Garner
John Bell
James Burlston
Robert Thresher
David Thompson
John Roguey(?)
David Capshaw
Malachi Reeves
Robert Gresham
Amos French
William W. Capshaw
George Ogel
George McCown
David Allerd
William Magers(?)
Harda Allerd
Georg Cooper
David Water
John Wager
Harmon Horn
Banra Devon

        112         Mississippi Territory

John Gebbens
Robt Gebbins
Saml Gibbons
James Gibbons
Jos. Gibbons
Clemen Arman(?)
Mathew Brewer
James Norman
Aaron Shote
John Shote
John Wynn
M. Armstrong
Thos. Dodd††
Isaac Perrett
Jeremiah Rowlen
Mitchell O'Neel
Jessy Dillion
Tiery O'Neel
Hirram O'Neel
Joseph Brunson
John Parmerly
Richard Robertson
George Taylour
Ellken Taylor
John Taylour Junr.
Robert Taylour†
Hanum Taylour
John Taylour Sen. †
Thomas Read
John Read
Wm. Taylour
Nathanniel Hannet [Hamet?]
James Dunahoo
James Long
John Cooper
Leire Cooper
James Dunham
Alexr Dunham
Thomas Brighton
Names of the Widows
Damarias Bowling
Amerida Hatton
Betsey Williams
Mahaley Robertson
Gilly Crowson
Milly Hogwood
Drankey(?) Medders
Patsey Carter
Caty Lawrence
Joan Black
Ann Johnstons
Susan Wigges
Betsey Cooper
Ann Grin(?)
Elizebeth Sims
Grizell Sims
Polly Prigman
Sally Williams
Any Taylour
Christiana McRavey
Men's Names
Abner Camnon (or Camron)
Jessey Beavers
John Hoaton
Robert Hoaton
Nicholess Boren
James Boren †
Abner Boren
Henry Davis
Benjamin Land
Andrew Blithe
Jacob Blithe
Wm. Lilly
Obediah Martin
Wm. Martin
Henson Day
Andrew Pickins †
Joseph L. Jones
Hugh Bradon
Adam Burney †
James Burney
Wm. Ferrell
Owen Shannon
William Cooper
Jas. Braden
James Steward †
John Cooper
Levi Cooper
Chale Dever
John Black Junr
Prier Kile
Reuben Smith
Isac Lann (or Lanse)
Eli Tidwell †
Millin Tidwell
Eli Tidwell
Daniel Kinny
Owin Shannon Se.
James Renn
H. T. Hendry
Jos L. Hendry
William Cramer

Mississippi Territory         113        

William Murrell
William Smith
John Smith
John Black Senr
Gabriel Tayour [Taylour?]
Natheniell Harbin(?)
Jessee Harbin
James Harbin
Robert Wood
Millenton Tidwell †
James Leath
Edward Shoat
Vantenten [Valentin?] Shoat
John Taylour †
Benjamin Tutt
Thomas Kile†
James Pickins †

    [Endorsed] Petition (addressed to James Madison, Pres: U.S. by 450 of the Intruders upon the chickasaw Territory: -- &c. &c. --
Reced Octo. 1st 1810.

†† Simon Foy and Thomas Dodd are not on the 1812 Giles tax list, but are mentioned by McCallum as early Elk River settlers. Both are also on the
1809 Intruders List

(1) According to McCallum's History of Giles..., "The treaties of 1805 and 1806 extinguished the Indian title to a considerable portion of what is now Madison County, in Alabama, a scope of country in the shape of a "V," some thirty miles wide on the South boundary of the Tennessee with a point on the Tennessee River at Ditto's landing, with about eight miles front on the river. Soon after the treaty, Zacharia COX and his associates, the "Tennessee Zazoo Company", claimed this scope of country as against the US Government. Under their purchase from the State of Georgia in 1795, they commenced settling it and having it settled up. They were resisted by the Government and those claiming under said purchase were driven off."

(2) Fort Hampton at the Doublehead Reserve became home to the soldiers' whose duty it was to rid the reservation lands of "intruders." A list dated

(3) The original transcription included numbers which were commonly referred to as "Sims Numbers." Those were not included in this edition.

Return to

The History of Giles County Intruders

1809 Elk River Intruder List

Giles County TNGenWeb Home Page

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